Philodendron lemon lime is a common indoor plant. It is admired for its attractive, lime green colored, heart-shaped leaves, and low maintenance growth habit. An average leaf may get 5 to 8 inches long and 2 to 3 cm wide indoors while they can grow much bigger in open spaces. It is a perennial, prolific grower with long dangling vines. The philodendron Lemon lime belongs to the genus Philodendron and family Araceae.
In this article, we will highlight important features of the Philodendron lemon lime plant and an introduction to the members of the genus Philodendron.
Philodendron is a large genus of flowering plants. Native to central and Southern regions and rain forests of America, Philodendrons are the second largest genus in their family. Charles Plumier was officially introduced to the botanist of Europe after the mid of the 16th Century. They are popular indoor plants with bold and prominent leaves. In an indoor environment, they may reach up to a height of 3 meters. Philodendrons can reach up to double this height in wild habitat.
Types of Philodendrons
The philodendrons are basically divided into two subgroups:
The plants in this group are adapted towards a growth pattern of climbing nearby support. They are called ‘vines’. They produce aerial roots or nodes on their stems which help them in climbing. Climbers occupy less space and are commonly used in indoor decorations and in hanging pot baskets.
Philodendron lemon lime, Serpens, and blushing philodendrons are common examples.
The plants in this type are terrestrial and grow without needing any support. They usually have big lobed leaves and occupy wide spaces. Non climbers are commonly found in gardens and outdoor growth habitats. They are also called self-heading or non-trailing philodendrons.
Bird’s nest philodendron and Lacy tree philodendrons are common examples of nonclimbers.
Varieties of Philodendrons
Philodendrons have a vast number of varieties. The total number in different sources varies from 400 to 700. 489 species are recorded in the 2015 world checklist of elective plant families.
Famous varieties are named below:
Philodendron bipennifolium, Philodendron bipinnatifidum, Philodendron erubescens, hederaceum, Elephant ear philodendron, kiekbridei, laciniatum, Serpens, Brasil ( P.Cream splash), Rugosum(Pig Skin), Fiddle-leaf philodendron, Philodendron Hastatum(Silver Sword), Red leaf philodendron, Micans(Velvet-leaf philodendron), Moonlight, Split-leaf philodendron, White Knight and Philodendron Xanadu.
Philodendron Hederaceum Lemon Lime Plant
The philodendron lemon lime is basically a cultivar of Philodendron Hederaceum where ‘Hederaceum’ is a species. The summarized botanical details of the Philodendron hederaceum lemon lime plant are as under:
Cultivar: Lemon Lime plant.
Philodendron Lemon Lime History
The Philodendron hederaceum is native to America. Captain William Bligh discovered it for the Western Region in the 1970s. Captain W. Bligh is famous for the “Mutiny of Bounty” and the plant was supposedly discovered in the voyage after the mutiny. After he brought the samples from the Caribbean to England, the plant was observed and cultivated for years in the botanical gardens of England. The cuttings of the plant were then delivered to Florida. The nurseries of Florida cultivated the plant on large scale and sold it in common markets.
The Philodendron Hederaceum has a somewhat different appearance in its different life stages. This variation of foliage in different ages confused the people and it got discovered again and again and named differently. Some of the common names of aliases are P.acrocardium, deviatum, harlowii, oxydatum, and micans , However, these names are not used anymore and hederaceum is used widely.
Philodendron Lemon Lime Common Names
The plant has many common names. It is important to mention here that due to their suitability, some of these names are used for other plant species as well.
- Philodendron hederaceum lemon lime is commonly called as ‘Sweetheart Vine’ due to the unique shape of its leaves.
- Like the species, Hederaceum is commonly called ‘heartleaf plant’ so lemon lime is also commonly known as ‘Lemon lime heartleaf philodendron’.
- The Cultivar Lemon lime is also known as ‘Aureum’ and ‘Golden Brazil’.
Philodendron cordatum lemon lime:
- ‘Cordatum’ is also an alias of the species Hederaceum. This creates another common name as ‘ Philodendron cordatum lemon lime plant’. However, this alias name is not alive anymore and is awarded to another species of the same genus i.e. Philodendron cordatum.
- Philodendron cordatum is native to the Southeastern region of Brazil. It is a climbing type typically found growing on trees and rocks. The reason for the confusion is that ‘cordatum’ means ‘heart-shaped’ and the leaves of both, the Cordatum and the Lemon lime plant are heart shaped.
Philodendron scandens lemon lime:
- Philodendron scandens is also one of the synonyms of Philodendron hederaceum. So another name of the same plant is ‘Philodendron scandens lemon lime plant’.
- It is important to mention here that the name Philodendron scandens also refers to another member of the philodendron genus which is a climber with ‘dark green heart-shaped’ leaves.
Toxic Philodendron Lemon Lime
Just like its other family members, the plant body has crystals of Calcium Oxalate in it. This toxicity makes it cause allergic reactions to the eyes, throat, and esophagus on being ingested. Kids and pets are advised to stay away from the Philodendron Hederaceum lemon lime plant.
Philodendron Lemon Lime Growth Habit
It is tolerant of a wide range of light and produces long delicate vines. The leaves are electric pinkish-yellow, in the beginning, deep lemon in adulthood, and finally, turn neon green on maturity. The length of an average mature plant is around 3 meters.
Resemblance With Epipremnum aureum
The Philodendron lemon lime plant is sometimes confused with a pothos Epipremnum aureum because of its somewhat resembling appearance. However lemon lime is preferable because it is easier to grow and leaves are more attractively colored.
Philodendron Lemon Lime Care
The Lemon lime heartleaf philodendron is an easy to grow and low maintenance plant. Important features are mentioned below:
One of the important aspects of Lemon lime Philodendron care is proper watering. Plants need little quantities of water. In between the intervals of watering the upper half of the soil should be semi-dry during summers and completely dry during winters.
The Philodendron lemon lime plants are tolerant to dry conditions. However, it is advised to mist the plant leaves during summer to keep the foliage fresh and safe from drying.
The soil should be fast draining to avoid any kind of issues like the root rots. Common potting mixes are fine for the heartleaf lemon lime plant. The substrate with an admixture of peat also gives good results if used as a substrate for the plant.
The Philodendron lemon lime plants can tolerate low lights and shady areas. However, exposure to bright indirect sunlight is good for lush foliage and good growth of the plant.
One important point in Lemon lime philodendron care is that the plant can not withstand direct light as it burns the leaves of the plant.
The leaves of the philodendron lemon lime plant may turn yellow or brown which is a sign of extra bright or direct light exposure. It is a simple burning of the plant.
If under light, the plant gets droopy.
The Lemon lime heartleaf philodendron plant prefers moderately warm temperatures. Temperature lesser than 10 degrees Centigrade is not bearable by the plant. The suitable temperature range is 16 to 27 degrees Centigrade.
Providing the plant with a common household plant fertilizer is an important part of the Philodendron lemon lime Care. Make sure to dilute the fertilizer up to half of its recommended dose.
In spring and summer, the plants are growing rapidly. You can feed the plant every month.
In winter, Fertilizer addition can be done once in two months. As the growth is slow on cold days, extra quantities of fertilizer may burn the plant.
You can easily cut the dangling vines if you feel that they have grown enough and spreading on the floor. Take a sharp sheer and cut carefully without damaging the plant. You can also remove some of the leaves on each strand by pinching to reduce the spread of the plant. Just make sure you leave behind enough leaves on the parts of the vine to keep it photosynthesizing. In some places, the vines of the lemon lime plant are reported to grow as long as 15 to 20 feet in ideal conditions.
Vines are commonly pinched to enhance the spread of the plant. If you feel that the lemon lime plant is not spreading appropriately, you can enhance the foliage by the technique of pinching. Just make fine cuts with your fingernails or a knife near the nodes of the plant. New stems will develop from the pinched areas resulting in enhanced foliage.
Make sure to keep the cuts fine and small enough to avoid any kind of contamination.
The roots of the Philodendron lemon lime plant have the ability to grow compactly and form a dense ‘boll of roots’ under the soil. This may take place after three years of plant growth in good health condition. You can repot the plant with a bigger pot by carefully taking out the roots with a shovel. It is better to keep the soil of the previous pot intact to avoid drying out the roots in the new pot.
The Philodendron lemon lime thrives best in the USDA winter hardiness zones 9 to 11.
Lemon Lime Philodendron Propagation
The ideal season for the propagation is spring and early summer. It can be done through two common methods:
- Cuttings of Stem.
- Air Layering.
Cutting Of Stem:
- You need to take a sharp scissor and cut the upper part of the stem of a healthy plant. Make sure to add at least 3 aerial roots or nodes on the stem cutting.
- Now remove the leaves from the lower 4 inches of the stem cutting keeping two to three leaves on the upper side.
- Plant the stem cutting in moist soil or potting mix.
- Now place the pot in a warm area with indirect light. Now shoots will develop within 3 to 4 months period. This will be a sign of the success of the Propagation.
You can also propagate the plant in a water jar and then convert it into the soil once the root system is developed. It may take two to three months.
This is a common method for the cultivation and multiplication of vines. In this method, leaves are removed from a part of the stem with nodes. The nodes are then placed in a small bag of soil and tied while keeping the stem attached to the plant. The soil is kept moisturized. Shoots start growing from the layered stem. This piece of the stem can now be separated from the plant to transfer it to a separate pot.
Please make sure you use gloves and wash your hands thoroughly after handling the plant. This is important to avoid any kind of toxic effect on your body.
Philodendron Lemon Lime Pest Resistance
The plant is usually resistant to pest attacks in an indoor environment. However, if the environment is unsuitable the plant may get common pest attacks like mealy bugs, spider mites, or fungus maggots. You need to keep an eye on the plant or at least have a little examination of the plant once a month. Anti-pest and anti-fungal sprays are available in the markets to combat such issues.
The Philodendron lemon lime plant is a popular indoor plant. The beautiful heart-shaped neon green leaves make it one of the most preferable philodendrons. The sweetheart vine is shade tolerant, low maintenance, and beautiful enough to decorate any corner of your house.