Whenever in doubt about what to buy to give your house some cool, tropic vibes, along with some aesthetic look, just lay your hands on this perennial Philodendron Acutifolium. Belong to the thick, lush tropical forests of Columbia and Peru, this aroid is really “a cutie-folium”.
It’s easy to care for and a lovely plant to add to your green treasures. Want to know more about this beautiful perennial plant? Keep reading to get all the necessary information about this plant and see how you can take care of it to keep it thriving for years to come.
Philodendron Acutifolium Classification
- Kingdom – Plantae
- Subkingdom – Embryophyta
- Family – Araceae
- Genus – Philodendron
- Subclass – Arcidae
- Type: Herbaceous evergreen
- Species: Acutifolium
Philodendron acutifolium is a beautiful glossy, strapped-leafed, terrestrial philodendron that brings a tropical flair to your environment.
The stem and leaves of this stunning plant grow to a height of around 3 feet and a width of 4 to 6 inches at maturity.
It’s a breeze to keep it and maintain it even for the kids. This Philodendron is very easy to care for because it is a terrestrial species that grows below and then brings up an abundance of lovely foliage.
Acutifolium is a great choice for the tropical environment as well as a potted houseplant. Also native to Columbia, these tropical plants come in excellent condition, with well-established root systems.
Common Name And Synonym
This plant is originally known as Philodendron Acutifolium K.Krause, and commonly you can find it in markets as Philo Acutifolium or Acutifolium. The word acutifolium is basically from Latin which means ‘Sharp leafed’ and is usually used for long, acute-shaped leaves.
Features of the Philodendron Acutifolium Plant
This amazing plant’s leaves can reach up to a height of around three to four feet, if given ideal growing conditions, it can grow about five to six inches in width with its stems still underground.
Philodendron Acutifolium K.Krause is a scandent aroid with a stunning and unusual ribbed leaf. It has long, elongate-oblanceolate leaf blades that are slightly coriaceous and glossy. With its short internodes and compact growth, this Philodendron produces rosette-shaped leaves that are very attractive when mature.
The flowers of Philodendron Acutifolium are rather inconspicuous and lack petals. They are unisexual, dioecious, and borne on a spadix that is surrounded by a spathe. The flowers are white with greenish-yellow stripes running along the center.
Evergreen and Durable
This plant is an evergreen, meaning that it will maintain its leaves and color all year round. It is also a very durable plant, able to withstand high winds and heavy rains.
All philodendrons are toxic to humans and animals if ingested, so it is important to keep this plant out of reach of children and pets. Philodendron acutifolium is no exception and can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea if consumed.
This plant goes through a dormant period during the winter months. During this time, the leaves will begin to turn yellow and drop off. The plant will not require as much water during this time and should be allowed to dry out between watering.
It is a very drought tolerant plant and can survive for long periods without water. However, it is important to not let the plant completely dry out as this can cause the leaves to drop off.
This plant is very easy to care for and does not require much maintenance. It is important to keep the leaves clean and free of dust to prevent the plant from becoming unhealthy. If the leaves begin to yellow or drop off, it is important to check the roots for rot.
Philodendron Acutifolium Care
Philodendron Acutifolium is a low-maintenance plant. This unusual Philo can grow in a high humid environment with little light, water, or nutrients.
A few things need to be considered for your Philodendron plant to reach its full potential when it is grown.
Quick Care Guide:
|Water||Moderate, Light watering (twice a week)|
|Light||Bright, indirect sunlight|
|Humidity||High Humidity, 60-80% ideally|
|Fertilizer||Slow-release fertilizer, three times a year|
|Repotting||Larger pot to plant|
|Soil||An organic Rich, well-draining soil|
|Grooming & Pruning||Only when needed|
|Placing||A warm and moist place with indirect sunlight|
Philodendron Acutifolium does not require a lot of water. Too much water can be harmful to the plant. The best way to water this Philodendron is to allow the soil to dry out completely between watering. However, if we talk about the schedule, then light showers twice or thrice a week would be enough.
This plant likes bright, indirect light but is strong enough to tolerate low light conditions. If the leaves begin to yellow, it is a sign that the plant is not getting enough light.
Keep it at a place where this plant can receive plenty of indirect light. Remember, being a tropical plant, it can easily tolerate low light conditions but too much or straight sunlight can burn the leaves and cause them to wilt before time.
Philodendron Acutifolium can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, from 50 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. However, it is important to keep the plant out of direct sunlight, as this can cause the leaves to wilt and turn brown.
At least six inches away from the base of your new Acutifolium Philodendron, use a slow-release fertilizer three times a year. They do need frequent fertilizer in the beginning, or their growth will be slower.
Cheaper fertilizers include a lot of heavy salts, which can harm the plant’s roots and even lead to its death so make sure to use only high-quality and organic fertilizers.
The Acutifolium Philodendron prefers a well-draining, organic potting mix. You can make your own by mixing equal parts peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite.
If you want to buy a ready-made mix, look for one that is labeled as “orchid mix” or “African violet mix.” These mixes are usually light and airy, which is perfect for the Acutifolium Philodendron.
Acutifolium Philodendrons do not need to be pruned often. You can prune them every few years to remove any dead or dying leaves. If you want to encourage new growth, you can prune the plant in the spring.
Acutifolium Philodendrons should be repotted every two years or so. When repotting, be sure to use a pot that is only one size larger than the previous pot. This will help to prevent the plant from becoming rootbound.
Acutifolium Philodendrons enjoy high humidity levels. If the air in your home is too dry, you can raise the humidity level by placing the plant on a pebble tray or using a humidifier.
Acutifolium Philodendrons can be placed in an indoor or outdoor location. If you are placing the plant outdoors, make sure to choose a spot that is shady and has high humidity levels.
If you are placing the plant indoors, make sure to choose a spot that is bright but not direct sunlight. You should also increase the humidity around the plant by placing it on a pebble tray or using a humidifier.
Philodendron acutifolium can be propagated by seed or division. To propagate by seed, sow the seeds in a well-draining potting mix and keep them moist. The seeds will germinate in two to four weeks. Divide the plant into two or three portions after carefully removing it from the pot. Organize each portion into a separate pot, then water it thoroughly.
Pests And Diseases
Acutifolium Philodendrons are susceptible to mealy bugs, aphids, and scale insects. You can easily control these pests with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
Philodendron acutifolium is also susceptible to fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and leaf spot. However, there is nothing to worry about as these diseases can be controlled easily with fungicidal sprays.
Philodendron Acutifolium Common Problems
One of the most common problems with Acutifolium Philodendrons is root rot. This can happen if the plant is allowed to sit in water for too long. If you think your plant has root rot, remove it from the pot and inspect the roots. If they are brown or mushy, you will need to cut them off. Allow the plant to dry out for a few days before replanting it in a fresh potting mix.
Another common problem is leaf drops. This can be caused by too much or too little water, low humidity levels, or a lack of nutrients. If you see leaves falling off your plant, check the roots to make sure they are not root-bound. If they are, repot the plant in fresh potting mix.
A third common problem is brown leaves. This can be caused by too much sun, low humidity levels, or a lack of nutrients. If you see brown leaves on your plant, move it to a shadier spot and increase the humidity around it. You may also need to fertilize the plant.
A final common problem is wilting leaves. This can be caused by too much sun, low humidity levels, or a lack of water. If you see wilting leaves on your plant, move it to a shadier spot and increase the humidity around it. You may also need to water the plant more frequently.
Acutifolium Philodendrons are beautiful, evergreen plants that make a great addition to any home. They are easy to care for and can tolerate a wide range of conditions. With proper care, they will thrive and produce new growth each year.