Anyone fond of big, exotic leaves must own a Philodendron Deflexum to understand what beauty is all about. Donned with extremely large leaves with striking green color, prominent veins, and deeply lobed midrib, Deflexum knows exactly how to make any place worth living.
Its bright green appearance, glossy blades with the utmost soft touch, and exotic feel make this rare epiphyte an ideal decorative plant for offices, houses, and outdoor spaces simultaneously.
If you are also falling for the beauty of this plant, then read this guide to know everything you need to keep this exotic plant thriving at your place.
Philodendron Deflexum Classification
Type: herbaceous evergreen
Form: Epiphytic chamaephytes
Genus: Philodendron Schott
In the past, Philodendron megalophyllum was the common name for this plant; presently, we know it as Philodendron deflexum. The leaves of this plant are notoriously enormous, and their veins and midrib are always in the spotlight.
A member of the Araceae family, Philodendron Deflexum is one of the most numerous types of blooming plants. Native to Central America, Philodendron deflexum is a fast-growing aroid that can quickly fill any space it is placed in.
The plant features gigantic, deeply lobed leaves that can grow up to 3 feet long and 2 feet wide. The overall shape of the leaves is elongate-cordate with slightly wavy edges. The color of the leaves is deep green with prominent yellow veins. The texture of the leaves is glossy and smooth.
Deflexum can be grown both indoors and outdoors. When grown outdoors, the plant can reach a height of up to 20 feet. However, when grown indoors, it remains shorter and compact.
Common Name and Synonym
Formerly known as Megalophyllum, the scientific name of this plant is Philodendron deflexum. It is also known by other names, such as Philo Megalophyllum, and Philo deflexum.
The deflexum is native to Peru and Panama. The plant grows in tropical forests, where it receives partial sun and partial shade. It is an epiphytic plant, which means that it grows on other plants or trees rather than in the ground.
Philodendron Deflexum – Features
Height and Growth
This plant can grow up to a height of 6-8 when it is outdoors. When grown indoors, it reaches a maximum height of 2-3 feet. The leaves of this plant are gigantic and can grow up to 35-45cm long and 10-15 cm wide.
Flowers and Foliage
Insignificant in size, the blossoms of the deflexum are yet beautiful. They form clusters, and their overall appearance is greenish-white. What stands out about this plant, though, is its foliage.
There are numerous large lobes on each leaf, and the veins are a bright yellow. The leaves are elongated and cordate in shape, and the margins are undulating. The leaves are rich, dark green, and have a silky, glossy surface.
The Philodendron deflexum is a fast-growing climber. When it is growing outdoors, it can climb up to 20 feet high. However, when grown indoors, it remains shorter and compact. The plant has aerial roots that help it climb up trees and other structures.
Evergreen and Durable
The Philodendron deflexum is an evergreen plant, which means that it remains green all year round. The plant is also quite durable and can withstand a wide range of conditions.
Deflexum is a low-maintenance plant. It does not require much care or attention and can thrive in a variety of conditions.
It is a toxic plant. The sap from the leaves can cause skin irritation, and if ingested, it can cause stomach upset. Therefore, it is best to keep this plant out of reach of children and pets.
This Philodendron goes through a dormant period during the winter. During this time, the plant will lose its leaves and stop growing. However, it will resume growth in the spring.
It can endure extended periods of dryness and is, therefore, drought tolerant. To maintain the plant’s vitality, however, it is essential to water it consistently.
The Philodendron deflexum is commonly used as a houseplant. It is also used in gardens and public parks. The plant can be used to create living fences, privacy screens, and shade structures. In addition, this beautiful aroid can be used to add color and texture to flower arrangements.
This plant removes trichloroethylene, xylene, benzene, and ammonia from the air, making it wonderful for the environment in addition to its soft touch and colorful beauty.
Philo Deflexum can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 10-11.
Philodendron Deflexum Care
Since the Philodendron Deflexum thrives in a combination of sun and shade, it is best grown in a controlled indoor environment.
If that’s not possible, then limiting the amount of sunshine, they receive while growing outdoors in a container should achieve the same effect. However, if the external conditions are not constantly monitored, the leaves will quickly burn and shrink.
Leaving a plant in the sun for too long might cause the leaves to dry out and turn a crispy brown color.
Ways To Provide Adequate Lighting To Deflexum
- If growing the Philodendron indoors, a place near a bright east- or west-facing window.
- Outdoors, are positioned in an area that receives dappled sunlight throughout the day.
- Another option is to use artificial lighting such as fluorescent growth lights placed 12-16 inches above the plant.
The Philodendron Deflexum is a plant that requires frequent watering, especially when grown in containers. The soil should be kept moist at all times, but not soggy or wet.
To achieve this, water the plant thoroughly and then allow the top 2-3 inches of soil to dry out before watering again.
It’s important to not let the plant sit in water, as this can lead to root rot. If you’re unsure whether or not the plant needs water, stick your finger into the soil. If it feels dry to the touch, then it’s time to water.
Things to Remember While Watering Deflexum:
- The frequency of watering will depend on the plant’s size, the type of potting mix used, and the temperature and humidity levels.
- In general, smaller plants need to be watered more often than larger ones.
- Plants growing in pots will require more water than those growing in the ground.
- Hotter, drier conditions will require more frequent watering than cooler, moister conditions.
- For watering deflexum, never use cold water as it might damage the roots.
For the ideal growth of Deflexum, you need to give it an adequate amount of humidity which should be around 70%, especially if you are growing it indoors.
One way to provide the plant with the humidity it needs is to place the pot on a pebble tray. This will help to create a humid environment for the plant.
Another way to increase humidity is to mist the leaves regularly. However, be sure not to overdo it, as this can lead to leaf rot.
The Philodendron Deflexum thrives in well-drained, fertile soil. The ideal soil mix should be loamy with high organic content.
If you can’t find nutrient-rich potting soil, you can make your own by adding sphagnum peat moss to standard potting soil. After that, you can put this beautiful flower in the soil.
The ideal soil would be rich in minerals and contain coconut fibers. The soil mixture should be highly permeable so that the water may quickly reach the roots.
It’s also important to remember that the Philodendron may thrive in conditions ranging from acidic to neutral pH, so a pH of around 7 is ideal.
The Philodendron Deflexum is a fast-growing plant, so it will need to be fertilized regularly. Use a high-quality fertilizer that is specially formulated for tropical plants. Be sure to follow the directions on the packaging and never over-fertilize, as this can damage the roots.
It’s best to fertilize the plant every two weeks during the spring and summer and then monthly during the fall and winter.
The ideal conditions for the Philodendron Deflexum’s growth are neither frigid nor scorching. The optimal daily temperature range for this plant is a range from about 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit or 21.1 to 26.6 degrees Celsius. Especially at night, temperatures can drop below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, but not to worry, as this plant thrives in such conditions.
Potting and Repotting Requirements
The Philodendron Deflexum should be repotted every one to two years. When repotting, be sure to use a pot that is only slightly larger than the previous one. This will help to prevent the roots from becoming pot-bound.
To repot the plant, simply remove it from its current pot and then place it in the new one. After that, backfill the pot with fresh soil and water well.
Grooming and Pruning Requirements
As the Philodendron Deflexum grows, it will need to be trimmed and shaped. This can be done with a sharp pair of shears. Be sure to sterilize the blades before trimming the plant, as this will help to prevent the spread of disease.
Pruning is also necessary if the plant becomes too large for its pot. To do this, simply cut back the stems to the desired length.
When trimming or pruning the plant, be sure to remove any dead or dying leaves. This will help to keep the plant healthy and looking its best.
Propagation: How To Propagate Philodendron Deflexum?
The Philodendron Deflexum can be propagated by seed or by division.
Propagation through seed, The seeds should simply be sown in a pot with damp peat moss. Be sure to keep the pot in a warm, humid environment. The seeds should germinate within two to four weeks.
To propagate by division, simply remove the plant from its pot and then divide the roots into two or more sections. After that, replant each section in its pot. Water well and keep the soil moist until the plants are established.
Pest and Diseases
The Philodendron Deflexum is susceptible to several pests and diseases. These include aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, and whiteflies. The plant is also susceptible to root rot and leaf spot.
To prevent these problems, be sure to keep the plant healthy by providing it with optimal growing conditions. Also, be sure to inspect the plant regularly for signs of pests or disease. If you do notice any problems, be sure to treat them immediately.
Common Problems and Solutions
If the leaves of the Philodendron Deflexum have curly edges, this is usually a sign of too much heat or too little humidity. To fix this problem, simply provide the plant with more moisture or move it to a cooler location.
Overfertilization or too much sun can cause the leaves of a Philodendron Deflexum to become yellow. You can solve this by giving the plant less fertilizer and/or by placing it in a shadier location.
This Philodendron is known for dropping its leaves. This can be caused by several factors, including stress, too much or too little water, or too much or too little light. If your plant is dropping its leaves, simply try to correct the issue and see if that solves the problem.
Lack of air circulation:
If the Philodendron Deflexum is not getting enough air circulation, it may start to drop its leaves. To fix this problem, simply move the plant to a location where it will get more air circulation. You can also try to increase the humidity around the plant by misting it with water or using a humidifier.
If the Philodendron Deflexum is suddenly exposed to a drastic change in temperature, it may start to drop its leaves. To fix this problem, simply try to slowly acclimate the plant to the new temperature. You can do this by moving it to a location that is gradually warmer or cooler than its current location.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can we grow philodendron indoors?
Yes, philodendrons can be grown indoors provided they are given the right growing conditions. They need bright, indirect light and humid conditions.
What is the ideal temperature for philodendron?
The ideal temperature for philodendron is between 60-85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Is philodendron poisonous?
Yes, philodendron is considered to be poisonous. The sap of the plant can cause irritation and burning if it comes into contact with the skin. If ingested, it can cause stomach upset and vomiting. If you suspect that your pet or child has ingested philodendron, please seek medical attention immediately.
How often should I water philodendron?
Water philodendron when the top inch of soil is dry. Be sure to never allow the plant to sit in water as this can cause root rot.
How often should I fertilize philodendron?
Fertilize philodendron every two weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). During the fall and winter, fertilize monthly.
What type of potting mix should I use for philodendron?
A well-draining potting mix is best for philodendron. You can also add some perlite or vermiculite to the mix to help with drainage.
My philodendron leaves are turning yellow, what could be the problem?
There are a few possible reasons for yellowing leaves on philodendron. These include too much sun, over-fertilization, or lack of humidity. Try to correct the problem and see if that helps.
The Philodendron Deflexum is a beautiful, easy-to-care-for plant that can make a great addition to any home. Just be sure to provide it with the right growing conditions and inspect it regularly for pests or diseases.
If you do notice any problems, be sure to treat them immediately. With a little love and care, your Philodendron Deflexum will thrive and provide you with many years of enjoyment.
In-depth care and propagation guide about the Philodendron Deflexum a beautiful, easy-to-care-for plant that can make a great addition to any home.